An exploration of profile, perceptions, barriers, and predictors of research engagement among resident doctors: a report from CHARTING study
Martin Igbokwe1, Oladimeji Adebayo2, Oluwaseyi Ogunsuji3, Gbenga Popoola4, Rereloluwa Babalola1, Sebastine Oseghae Oiwoh5, Anuoluwapo Mojisola Makinde1, Adebayo Makinde Adeniyi6, Kehinde Kanmodi7, Wasinda Francis Umar8, Ayanfe Omololu9, Ibiyemi Oduyemi10, Abdulmajid Ibrahim Yahya11, Aliyu Sokomba12
1 Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
3 Department of Community Dentistry and Periodontology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
4 Department of Psychiatry, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
5 Department of Internal Medicine, LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
6 Department of Community Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
7 Kebbi Medical Centre, Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria
8 Department of Internal Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Katsina, Nigeria
9 Department of Internal Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Abeokuta, Nigeria
10 Department of Child Oral Health, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
11 Department of Ear, Nose & Throat, Federal Teaching Hospital, Gombe, Nigeria
12 Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria
Dr. Oladimeji Adebayo
Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Purpose/Aims: This research aimed to study the profile, perceptions, barriers, and predictors of Nigerian resident doctors' level of engagement in scientific research.
Methods: This study was a descriptive cross-sectional quantitative survey of 438 resident doctors in Nigeria. This study forms a part of the big CHARTING Study, the protocol of which was published in “Nigeria Journal of Medicine 2019;28:198-205.”
Results: Three hundred and eighteen (72.8%) respondents were male and 119 (27.2%) were female. There were 229 (52.4%) registrars and 208 (47.6%) senior registrars, while residents in surgical versus nonsurgical specialties were 190 (44.5%) and 237 (55.5%), respectively. Three hundred and sixty-eight (85%) respondents had participated previously in research; 67 (15.6%) and 72 (16.6%) had their papers published in local or international journals, respectively; and only 46 (10.6%) had held first authorship positions in peer-reviewed journal publications. The significant barriers to research identified among them included lack of funding, lack of free time, inadequate training/knowledge on research methodology, and the onerous nature of clinical research. The independent predictor of previous engagement with research was years on current job (P = 0.007). This was similar to finding for the first authorship of a peer-reviewed article among the respondents (0.017).
Conclusion: This study concludes that publication and grantsmanship rates were very low among the surveyed resident doctors, despite their high rate of engagement in research projects. There is a need for increased research capacity building among resident doctors in Nigeria.