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Evaluation of medical adherence, adverse drug reactions, and quality of life in post tubercular obstructive airway disease

1 Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Respiratory Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Rahul Kumar,
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, King George's Medical University, Lucknow - 226 003, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/picr.PICR_55_21

Background: Increasing incidence of tuberculosis is intensifying the posttubercular obstructive airway disease (PTOAD) in developing countries. Currently, there are no standard treatment guidelines for the management of PTOAD patients. The present study aims to evaluate the prescribing pattern, adherence, adverse drug reactions (ADRs), and quality of life (QoL) in PTOAD patients. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted to evaluate the prescriptions of PTOAD patients, estimating the medical adherence using Morisky 8-Item Medication Adherence Questionnaire, assessing ADRs using Hartwig's Severity Assessment Scale and assessing QoL using St. George's respiratory Questionnaire. Chi-square test, analysis of variance, paired t-test were used to compare the data. The significance of change in adherence status was assessed by Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Results: A total of 94 prescriptions of PTOAD were analyzed. Inhaled long-acting muscarinic antagonist was prescribed to 31.9% of patients. The most common inhaled fixed dose combination was long-acting beta-2 agonist with corticosteroid, prescribed to 52.1% of patients. At final follow-up, maximum percentage of patients were found to be highly adherent, i.e. 56.4%. Overall, 34% of patients have complained about mild category of ADRs. A significant improvement in QoL was observed. At baseline, mean forced expiratory volume in 1 (FEV1) was 64.66% ±23.61%, which increased significantly to 73.34% ±21.60% on final follow-up (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Bronchodilators are the mainstay of treatment of PTOAD patients, since both the QoL and FEV1 were improved with treatments. However, to have good treatment outcome, strict adherence along with safety of the medications must be assured.

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