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Educational intervention to improve knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance among resident doctors at a tertiary care hospital

1 Department of Pharmacology, SMIMER Medical College, Surat, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, Coordinator of ADR Monitoring Centre, SMIMER, Surat, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Awani Yogesh Shah,
B Block, 2nd Floor, Department of Pharmacology, SMIMER, Surat - 395 010, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/picr.picr_37_22

Background: Physicians, residents, interns, pharmacists, and nurses, as major health-care providers, bear a great deal of responsibility for reporting adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Resident doctors are the backbone of health-care system; hence they play a significant role in detecting and reporting ADR, particularly for hospitalized patients, as they are in contact with a patient and available round the clock. Aims and Objective: Hence, the purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding Pharmacovigilance among resident doctors and to improve reporting of ADR by training resident doctors for filling the ADR reporting form. Material: This was a prospective, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study. Materials and Methods: A prevalidated, structured KAP-relatd questionnaire was given to resident doctors before and after the educational intervention at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Pre- and post test questionnaires were then compared and statistical analysis was applied using McNemar's test and paired t-test. Result: A total of 151 resident doctors submitted the pre- and post questionnaires. The study result depicted that resident doctors lacked the knowledge in reporting the ADRs. Post educational training, resident doctors inclined a positive attitude toward reporting ADRs. KAP among resident doctors has improved significantly as a result of the educational intervention. Conclusion: The present requirement in India is to motivate the residents through continuous medical educations and trainings in order to enhance the importance of Pharmacovigilance practice.

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